If you are a skilled Indian IT worker and you are thinking of getting a job in Europe, you have come to the right place.
The information contained in this guide will enable you to focus your IT job search on the best five European countries to live and work for Indians:.
Every year, a growing number of Indians move to Europe in search for a job, with that number having undergone a six fold increase from 88,968 in 1990 to 525,891 in 2019.
Europe has a stable economy and low poverty rates, and European cities are not nearly as densely populated as Indian ones.
On top of that, Europe’s ageing population is causing severe labour shortages across numerous Tech sectors. 2021 experienced the highest-ever recorded number of unfilled vacancies in several European countries.
This opens up a wide range of opportunities for Indian tech workers, who are well-known for their skills, talent and work ethic across the whole of Europe.
European tech companies are generally open to hiring Indian workers but relocating to Europe from India is not quite that easy, even for highly qualified technologists.
It is a given that you should have excellent command of the English language. In most European countries, knowledge of the local language helps too.
Most importantly, non-EU citizens such as Indians need to apply for a work permit to gain the legal right to live and work in the EU.
One of the most common work visas issued to Indian nationals is the EU Blue Card, a work-and-residence permit for highly qualified workers that gives access to permanent residence and EU citizenship in 25 of the 27 EU member states (the exceptions being Ireland and Denmark).
Besides the EU Blue Card, each European country has its own set of work visa requirements for Indian workers, with some nations granting work permits more easily than others.
And although Europe is a vibrant economy overall, the IT job market does offer different opportunities based on the region, country or European tech city.
This is why we have put together this detailed guide to the top 5 European countries to live and work for Indians, giving you all the necessary information to secure a high-paying IT job:
The number of non-EU workers in Germany has more than tripled in the past decade. According to Destatis, Indians comprise the biggest nationality of non-EU workers in Germany, with nearly 34,000 Indian immigrants relocating to Germany every year for work purposes.
The popularity of Germany among Indian jobseekers dates back to 2000, when the country first liberalised its migration policies as a response to the growing demand for skilled workers in key sectors like IT.
At the time, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) described Germany’s reforms as the least restrictive admissions system for highly skilled workers across the OECD’s 35 member states.
By 2004, more than 18,000 IT workers had migrated to Germany, including nearly 4,000 workers from India. Out of all the work permits issued for IT professionals between 2000 and 2005, the largest share was secured by Indians.
Before liberalisation, the great majority of Indian IT workers in Germany had been forced to accept temporary assignments, having been recruited mostly as intra-company transferees.
However, following the liberalisation of immigration policies targeting skilled workers, Indian immigrants were no longer required to return home, and began settling in Germany for good.
In 2012, Germany further liberalised its migration policies by implementing the EU Blue Card Directive, which to this day gives non-EU highly skilled workers access to long-term residence in the EU.
Ever since 2012, Indians have consistently comprised 20% of all Blue Card permits issued by Germany.
The next decade saw the number of Indian immigrants in Germany increase even further, growing from 48,000 in 2010 to 151,000 in 2020, with their participation in the country’s total foreign population increasing from 0.7% to 1.6%
At the end of 2021, Germany’s Central Register of Foreigners recorded 295,000 people with temporary residence permits for work purposes, with the largest group of non-EU workers being from India.
As of March 2021, more than 57% of Indians subject to social insurance contributions in Germany were employed in specialist jobs that require higher education, as opposed to only 16.5% of other foreign groups and 28.3% for German nationals.
Overall, Indians in Germany have a reputation for being highly educated and skilled, and understandably so.
Over two decades of immigration have enabled highly skilled workers from India to integrate in German society, securing well-paid jobs and contributing to the nation’s economic development.
The good news for all jobseekers out there is that Indian IT workers may still have a big role to play in Germany’s economy, given that the country still needs to fill in 1.7 million vacancies in several sectors, including IT.
Consequently, the German federal government is planning to ease immigration regulations for skilled workers in an attempt to make up for its job deficit.
Germany boasts one of the strongest economies in Europe, while its unemployment rates remain consistently among the lowest, having decreased from 3.81% in 2020 to 3.54% in 2021.
However, Germany also has one of Europe’s most acute shortages of IT professionals, who unsurprisingly comprise the largest share of the work permits issued every year.
Demand for IT workers in Germany is intense across a wide range of tech sectors, including Embedded/VLSI, E-Commerce, Gaming, Robotics, and market computer network equipment.
Some of the most-in-demand IT jobs available in Germany require typical developing & programming skills in Oracle, SAP, Java, Linux and Perl.
Nearly two thirds of vacancies in Germany come from small and medium-sized companies, which make up nearly 90% of all German businesses.
Germany’s capital Berlin is known worldwide for its fast-growing ecosystem of start-ups, which are at the forefront of innovation in cutting-edge sectors like Mobility, FinTech/InsurTech, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Analytics.
As of October 2022, the minimum wage in Germany is 12€ an hour (950.941₹) - the fifth-highest in the EU - and it has grown by 1.50% annually ever since 2018.
The IT sector is among the highest paying, with IT workers in Germany earning an average of about 70,000€ a year (5,547,150₹).
Working hours range between 36 and 40 per week (seven to eight hours per day). As per the Arbeitszeitgesetz (Working Time Act), the working week in Germany cannot exceed 48 hours overall.
Before applying for a work visa in Germany, applicants for high-end positions need to have achieved a minimum language proficiency level of B1 in German.
Apart from the EU Blue Card, Indian IT workers seeking to obtain employment in Germany are also entitled to apply for the work visa for qualified professionals (Visum zum Arbeiten für Fachkräfte).
This work permit is accessible to skilled professionals who have completed higher education studies or undergone vocational training outside of Germany - the qualifications must be recognised in Germany, or at least comparable to those issued by a German institution.
To apply for a work visa for qualified professionals, you also need to have secured a concrete job offer from a German employer.
If you are over 45 and coming to Germany for the first time, the gross annual salary for the position you intend on taking must be at least €46,530 (₹3,687,269).
Finally, German employers must demonstrate to the Federal Employment Agency that there are no EU/EEA nationals available to fill the position and that your employment conditions are comparable to those of any other German national.
A work visa or residence permit for non-EU qualified professionals is valid for a maximum of four years but if your work contract lasts less than that, you may apply for a residence permit to cover the duration of the contract.
After four years, the holders of a residence permit for work purposes may apply for a permanent residence permit.
Ready to make the move? Get in touch and send us your CV for the latest tech jobs in Germany!
Indian migration to the Netherlands was a relatively small phenomenon up until the 1990s, with only a few hundred Indian migrants relocating every year.
Things started to change in the mid-2000s as Dutch immigration policies were liberalised to encourage fluxes of skilled workers from outside the EU.
As per other European countries like Germany and the UK, liberation was mostly driven by the realisation that the Netherlands was facing a severe shortage of skilled workers in the medium to long term.
Two decades later, the situation hasn’t changed much: by 2025, the Dutch economy is expected to deliver 1.3 million new jobs at the medium-skill level and 2.4 million highly-skilled jobs.
In contrast, labour supply is forecasted to grow by 1 million units only.
Skill shortage in the Netherlands is most acute in Chemicals, Energy and High Tech.
Given the importance of these sectors for the Dutch economy, recent years have seen the Netherlands recruiting more and more overseas workers.
This has led to a sharp increase in migration flows from India.
By 2016, Indian nationals had managed to secure the most work permits issued in the Dutch IT sector, namely 910 permits out of 1583.
In fact, out of a total of 1562 work permits issued to Indians in all sectors, the great majority went to IT professionals.
Besides favourable immigration rules and work opportunities, other reasons why IT workers choose the Netherlands over other European countries include excellent living conditions, high quality of life, and widespread use of the English language.
The IT sector accounts for nearly 5% of Dutch GDP and has grown faster than the overall economy in the past few years.
Out of a population of just over 17 million, more than 432,000 people in the Netherlands are employed in the IT sector.
The reorientation of immigration policy toward high-skilled immigrants has enabled Dutch tech companies to fill labour shortages and re-energise a thriving sector. And Indian professionals have played a key role in the process.
It is generally assumed that European IT firms recruit Indian workers for cost reasons, as Indian staff are thought to perform the same work as native staff at a lower price.
However, studies have found that the actual reason why Indian IT workers get recruited in such large numbers is that they simply have skills that are not available among Dutch nationals.
Presently, the Dutch tech scene is in strong need of project managers, IT trainers, analysts, and consultants. There are also many opportunities for IT specialists with knowledge of SAP, Oracle and Java.
The vast majority of IT companies in the Netherlands are small businesses employing less than 10 employees, with only 200 establishments employing more than 200 workers.
However, several global corporations have their European head offices in the Netherlands, including Canon, Nikon and ING.
The capital of the Netherlands Amsterdam is one of the most liveable cities in the world, and among the EU’s top tech cities.
The Dutch capital hosts 1660 tech companies, 2932 start-ups, and big tech companies like Google, Facebook, ReachLocal and Microsoft.
Foreign born IT workers in the Netherlands earn high wages.
While the median salary of a non-EU employee in the Netherlands rounds up at about €2,000 per month (₹158,097), a foreign-born worker in the Dutch IT sector earns between €3,000 and 4,000 per month (₹237, 198 - 316,264).
In fact, Asian-born IT workers, many of whom are Indians, are estimated to earn more than €5,000 a month (₹395,330).
Apart from the EU Blue Card, the most commonly issued work permit in the Netherlands is the Highly Skilled Migrant Permit.
The categorization of ‘highly skilled’ in the Netherlands differs from other countries like the UK, which is based on a list of specific job roles to be considered as ‘high-skilled’.
Instead, the Netherlands uses the sole criterion of salary to categorise highly-skilled workers.
For non-EU workers, a gross monthly salary of € 4,840 (₹382,679) - or €3,549 (₹280,605) for those under 3 - is considered as high-skilled (until December 2022).
Dutch companies can only hire a non-EU/EEA citizen as a highly-skilled migrant if they are already registered in the list of sponsors officially recognized by the Dutch Immigration & Naturalisation Services (IND).
You should bear in mind that only organisations can be sponsors, not individuals.
The long-term residence permit lasts for the same duration of the job contract, up to a maximum of five years.
Highly skilled migrants are also entitled to a single residence permit (GVVA), which gives rights to live and work in The Netherlands without having to apply for a separate permit.
Ready to make the move? Get in touch and send us your CV for the latest tech jobs in the Netherlands!
Migration from India to Sweden is a recent phenomenon. The very first flows of Indian migrants in the 1950s and 1970s involved a restricted number of engineers, doctors, university teachers and students to the larger cities and university towns.
By the late 1990s, the number of Indian-born residents in Sweden had mildly increased because of family reunification but the turning point took place in 2008.
This is when Sweden reoriented its migration policies toward highly skilled workers to address the severe labour shortages that were afflicting many sectors, including IT.
By 2010, nearly one out five Swedish residents was foreign-born, signalling Sweden's gradual transformation into an immigration nation.
This phenomenon has involved a large number of Indians, whose presence in Sweden increased from 17,863 individuals in 2010 to 35,234 in 2020.
As of 2022, Indians are Sweden’s biggest group of non-EU migrant workers and the second-largest group of work permit applicants.
Most of them are highly educated and highly skilled workers in professions like computer specialists, engineers, and technicians.
Indian IT workers are choosing Sweden as a place to live and work because of its great public services, beautiful landscapes, and excellent social welfare system.
Nearly 50% of Sweden’s Indian-born population live in Stockholm and most of them are employed as IT engineers.
Indian engineers make up a considerable portion of Sweden’s tech industry and have played a key role in filling the ever-rising labour shortages that hinder the growth of Sweden’s tech scene.
In 2021, a survey by the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering found that skill shortages are the biggest threats to Swedish companies’ growth in Research and Development.
It has also been predicted by the Swedish IT & Telecom Industries that over 70,000 new workers will be needed in the Swedish tech sector by 2024.
The increasing number of non-EU workers relocating to Sweden cannot keep pace with the country’s rapidly ageing population – by 2040, one out of four Swedish residents will be 65 or over.
If that wasn't enough, Sweden has a low birth rate and not nearly enough Swedish students are taking IT at university.
Sweden's main tech hubs like Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö are already feeling the effects of this skill shortage as start-ups are struggling to fill vacancies.
Job opportunities for Indian IT workers are varied and plenty in Sweden. According to Swedishimmigrationse, these are the most in-demand IT job titles in Sweden:
Indians can easily cope with life and work in Sweden, as the English language is spoken by the great majority of the Swedish population, and virtually by everybody in large cities.
Elementary knowledge of Swedish however will make you more competitive in your job search, besides giving you better chances to integrate in Swedish society.
Work permit requirements for Indian IT workers in Sweden are the same as for any other non-EU nationality.
However, India is currently dominating work migration as Sweden probably has the most liberal migration policy for skilled talent with a job offer.
Besides being entitled to apply for the EU Blue Card, if you are a qualified IT worker from India you may also apply for a temporary residence permit to go to Sweden and seek employment.
This permit lasts from a minimum of three months up to a maximum of nine months, during which you may look for employment that will give you access to a work permit.
Bear in mind that your family won’t be able to join you in Sweden from India for the whole duration of your temporary residence permit.
These are the requirements to obtain a temporary residence permit in Sweden:
Once you get a residence permit, you will receive a residence permit card, which proves that you have the right to reside in Sweden to seek employment.
In order to obtain a work permit, a Swedish company must have offered you a job for no less than SEK13,000 a month (₹94,907).
Another route to obtain a work permit in Sweden is via an Intra-Corporate Transfer (ICT) permit, which is accessible to non-EU citizens who are sent to Sweden on temporary work assignments for a minimum duration of nine months.
This may well seem an easier option for Indian IT workers given that many Indian tech companies have offices in Sweden or have close work relations with Swedish companies.
However, you will also have to return home once your assignment is over.
Having said that, if you’re an Indian IT worker on a time-limited assignment in Sweden you do have the right to apply for work at a Swedish company during your stay if you wish to obtain a work permit.
Ready to make the move? Don't forget to check out our tech jobs in Sweden!
Compared to other European countries like Germany or the UK, the Indian community in France is fairly small, with approximately 20,000 Indian-born individuals currently residing in mainland France.
Many Indians in France immigrated from the former French colonies of Puducherry and Chandannagar. France has also experienced an intake of Indian immigrants from Mauritius, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, the Seychelles, Réunion, and Madagascar.
These were modest immigration flows, but recent years have seen the number of Indian expats with a background in IT increase considerably.
Just like most European countries, opportunities for Indian IT workers in France are connected to the severe labour shortages that are curtailing the nation’s economic development.
France is forecasted to lack 1.5 million highly skilled workers by 2030, with that number expected to reach 3.9 million by 2050, according to a 2021 study by the Center for Global Development.
This labour shortage will generate approximately €175 billion in unrealized revenue across key sectors including Technology. In fact, the deficit is so acute that the next five years will see France struggling to fill an estimated 11.5 million job openings.
France is currently seeking to fill the worker gap by investing 1.4bn into training African talent. This path is unlikely to be a viable solution in the long run as African countries can only provide a small portion of France’s labour shortage.
The Franco-Indian partnership agreement for migration and mobility that came into force in October 2021 may be the solution to the talent shortage in France’s IT sector.
The agreement has made it much easier for students, academics, and skilled workers from India to relocate to France, including IT workers.
In the last year, this has led to an increase in Indian migration to France, especially in the Greater Paris region of Île-de-France, where nearly two thirds of France's Indian population resides and where most IT vacancies are located.
The last five years have seen tech-friendly government initiatives transform Paris into one of Europe’s top tech cities.
The French government has taken many steps to support the national Tech scene, including tax incentives for start-ups, financial support for international investors and a great deal of infrastructural support.
The results are there for everyone to see: the French Tech sector has been thriving in the last five years, with more than 12,000 start-ups currently based in Paris alone.
Paris-based start-ups are active across the whole spectrum of the Tech industry, with strong specialisms in Data Science, FinTech, BioTech and FoodTech.
The growth of these sectors has led to a growing demand for IT professionals, of which there is acute shortage in France at the moment.
The jobs in strongest demand are data analysts and systems analysts, as well as programmers and developers with experience of Java, C#, SAP and Oracle.
Below is a breakdown of the most in-demand tech positions in France, along with their annual media salaries:
The partnership agreement for migration and mobility signed between France and India on March 10 2018 came into force in October 2021.
This is how the agreement has made it easier for Indians to live and work in France:
Ready to make the move? Don't forget to check out our tech jobs in France!
The history of Indian migration to the UK dates back to the times of the British Empire and continues to this day thanks to India’s membership in the Commonwealth of Nations.
With a population of over 1.4 million Indians comprise the UK’s single largest ethnic minority population, making British Indians the sixth largest Indian community outside of India.
Over half a million Indians live in London, where they make up the largest non-white ethic group.
Large Indian communities can also be found in Leicester (which is about to become the UK's first ethnic minority-majority city), Birmingham and Wolvehampton.
Although there is no free movement between India and the UK, Indian students and workers continue to relocate to the UK in large numbers.
The latest UK Migration Statistics data show that nearly 118,000 Indian students received a Student visa between June 2021 and June 2022, up by 89% from the year before.
In fact, India has surpassed China as the largest nationality in the UK for study visa issuances.
With over 103,000 work visas granted to Indians last year - up by 148% from 2020 - Indians receive more skilled-worker visas than any other nationality, showing an ever-growing ability to secure high-paying specialist positions for which there is no local talent available.
Since the UK’s decision to leave the EU in 2016, the UK has failed to fill numerous vacancies in several sectors.
According to the Office of National Statistics, more than 1.3million vacancies went unfilled in post-Brexit Britain last winter - a record-high skill shortage that is symptomatic of a chronic imbalance in the UK labour market.
The UK’s success to fill the worker gap is now dependent on the outcome of UK-India free trade negotiations, which in the near future might see the UK revise its work visa requirements and offer Indians easier access to the UK job market.
Tech is one of the main sectors to attract migration from India.
Just to give you a sense of the opportunities here, nearly 75% of work visas issued in the IT sector went to Indian-born professionals.
Indians have contributed greatly to the UK’s tech industry, with around 14% of IT employees in the UK born in India. In fact, this is an excellent time for Indian nationals to join a UK tech company.
Highly innovative sectors like FinTech, EdTech, HealthTech, ClimateTech, FoodTech, MobilityTech and InsurTech are opening the next phase of digitisation in the UK.
However, local tech companies are struggling to find the talent to support this new phase of growth.
Across the whole spectrum of the UK Tech industry, over two million job vacancies went unfilled last year - more than in any other sector.
More than 70% of UK tech employers have reported experiencing skills shortages, especially in Yorkshire (73%), London (62%) and North England (55%).
Some of the most in-demand IT job titles in the UK include engineering professionals, design and development engineers, production and process engineers, programmer and software development professionals, web design and development professionals, cyber security specialists, IT business analysts, architects, and systems designers.
If that wasn't enough to make you consider landing an IT job in the UK, tech companies are now paying 50% more than the national average to attract talent.
There are two main routes for Indian workers to relocate to the UK on a work permit, the High Potential Individual visa and the Skilled visa.
The High Potential Individual (HPI) visa results from the UK government's effort to attract international talent to the national economy.
This visa programme targets recent graduates who in the last five years have received at least a bachelor’s degree from a top-ranking university outside the UK.
Holders of a bachelor's or master’s degree are entitled to remain in the UK for two years, while PhD holders can stay up to three years.
The HPI visa does not automatically give access to permanent residence but holders can apply for the Skilled Worker visa, the n.1 route to the UK for oversea professionals.
The Skilled Worker visa is a points-based immigration system enabling professionals with a background from a sector included in a shortage list to obtain a work permit with a UK employer.
It has a maximum duration of five years.
The Skilled Worker visa gives access to permanent residence in the UK (Indefinite Leave to Remain) and enables the holder’s spouse and children to join in upon application.
In order to be issued a Skilled Worker visa, you need to hold a qualifying job offer from a UK sponsor and, most importantly, you need to score 70 points by meeting specific requirements, such as skills, salary level and English language ability.
To find out if a job is eligible for a Skilled Worker Visa, you need to check the list of eligible jobs.
Here is the complete list of IT-related eligible jobs organised by occupation code and job title (as of September 2022):
Information technology and telecommunications directors
Technical director (computer services)
IT specialist managers
Data centre manager
IT support manager
Network operations manager (computer services)
Service delivery manager
IT project and programme managers
Implementation manager (computing)
IT project manager
Programme manager (computing)
Project leader (software design)
IT business analysts, architects and systems designers
Business analyst (computing)
Data communications analyst
Technical analyst (computing)
Programmers and software development professionals
Web design and development professionals
Web design consultant
Information technology and telecommunications professionals not elsewhere classified
Quality analyst (computing)
Systems tester (computing)
IT operations technicians
Computer games tester
IT user support technicians
Customer support analyst
Help desk operator
IT support technician
Systems support officer
Computer service engineer
Hardware engineer (computer)
Maintenance engineer (computer servicing)
Ready to make the move? Don't forget to check out our tech jobs in the UK!
We hope you’ve found this article useful as you continue to pursue your tech career in Europe.
We are niche technology recruitment specialists matching diverse and innovative technology teams with the most sought after, hard-to-reach, talent.
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Ruggero Galtarossa, Ph.D., is a bilingual technology writer with a professional background in online journalism and academic expertise in the Sociology of New Media. He has studied at prestigious UK institutes like the University of Cambridge and City University London.